Name: 
 

CIT-12 Chapter 1 Study Guide



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The raw facts and figures that are entered into a computer system are called ________. 
a.
information
c.
material
b.
data
d.
knowledge
 

 2. 

A communications system connecting two or more computers is called a ________. 
a.
modem
c.
telephone line
b.
cable
d.
network
 

 3. 

The technology that merges computing with high-speed communications links carrying data, sound, and video is ________ technology.
a.
information
c.
communications
b.
telecommunications
d.
internet
 

 4. 

Being computer ________ means knowing what computers can do and what they can't, knowing how they can benefit you and how they can harm you, knowing when you can solve computer problems and when you have to call for help. 
a.
. integrated
c.
self-aware
b.
savvy
d.
cognizant
 

 5. 

Technology that consists of electromagnetic devices and systems for communicating over long distances is known as ________. 
a.
communications technology
c.
internet
b.
information technology
d.
networking
 

 6. 

What interconnected system of computers all over the world supports specially formatted documents in multimedia form? 
a.
internet
c.
wide area network
b.
World Wide Web
d.
local area network
 

 7. 

What term was coined to apply to the comparative study of automatic control systems, such as the brain/nervous system and mechanical-electrical communications system? 
a.
information technology
c.
cyberspace
b.
multimedia
d.
cybernetics
 

 8. 

The term that refers to the use of a computer or some other information device, connected through a network, to access information and services is ________. 
a.
telecommuting
c.
online
b.
chatting
d.
email
 

 9. 

Which of the following devices allows users to make phone calls, send text messages, browse the World Wide Web, and obtain news, research, music, photos, movies, TV programs? 
a.
teleputers
c.
smartphones
b.
cellphones
d.
modems
 

 10. 

Among the payoffs of being computer savvy are ________. 
a.
You will know how to make better buying decisions.
c.
You will know how to use the internet more effectively.
b.
You will know how to protect yourself against online villains.
d.
All of these.
 

 11. 

At the college level, the great majority– ________percent– of students own their own computer. 
a.
55|%
c.
75%
b.
65%
d.
85%
 

 12. 

In 1964, the special characters ________ and ________ were added to the keypad of the cellphone. 
a.
*, #
c.
*, %
b.
$, @
d.
$, !
 

 13. 

Most people use PCs mainly for ________. 
a.
downloading
c.
email
b.
programming
d.
music
 

 14. 

An avatar is a(n) ___________. 
a.
electronic puppet
c.
computer depiction of a human
b.
robotic advice giver
d.
None of these
 

 15. 

Which of the following is the name given to online education programs? 
a.
remote classes
c.
distance learning
b.
i-classes
d.
online correspondence courses
 

 16. 

Which of the following is NOT considered a part of cyberspace?
a.
internet
c.
snail mail
b.
World Wide Web
d.
conference calls
 

 17. 

What has been the main development in the Information Age? 
a.
internet
c.
e-commerce
b.
television
d.
newspapers
 

 18. 

Which of the following is NOT an application of information technology? 
a.
sending a picture via email
c.
listening to internet radio
b.
storing data on a CD
d.
shopping online
 

 19. 

Medical care delivered via telecommunications is called __________. 
a.
e-medicine
c.
web medicine
b.
remote medicine
d.
telemedicine
 

 20. 

Which of the following is NOT a part of cyberspace? 
a.
telephones
c.
newspapers
b.
World Wide Web
d.
internet
 

 21. 

Which of the following is NOT a form of communications technology?
a.
radio
c.
automobiles
b.
telephone
d.
. internet
 

 22. 

Electronic payments of as little as 25 cents in transactions are called ________ and are used to buy goods and services in transactions for which it is uneconomical to use a credit card. 
a.
mini-payments
c.
micropayments
b.
midi-payments
d.
macropayments
 

 23. 

Something that is created, simulated, or carried on by means of a computer or computer network is said to be ________. 
a.
cybernetic
c.
virtual
b.
robotic
d.
electromechanical
 

 24. 

Which of the following devices is a programmable, multiuse machine that converts raw facts and figures into information we can use? 
a.
modem
c.
smartphone
b.
computer
d.
router
 

 25. 

High-capacity computers with hundreds of thousands of processors that can perform more than one trillion calculations per second are called ________. 
a.
desktop computers
c.
laptops
b.
supercomputers
d.
workstations
 

 26. 

Expensive, powerful computers generally used for complex scientific, mathematical, and engineering calculations and for computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing are called ________. 
a.
desktop computers
c.
microcomputers
b.
supercomputers
d.
workstations
 

 27. 

Water- or air-cooled computers that cost $5,000 to $5 million and vary in size from small to medium to large depending on their use are called ________. 
a.
workstations
c.
personal computers
b.
microcomputers
d.
mainframe computers
 

 28. 

Computers costing $500 to $5,000 that can fit next to a desk, on a desk, or be carried around are called ________. 
a.
workstations
c.
minicomputers
b.
mainframes
d.
personal computers
 

 29. 

A central computer that holds collections of data and programs for connecting or supplying services to PCs, workstations, and other devices is called a ________. 
a.
client
c.
slave
b.
master
d.
server
 

 30. 

Devices such as PCs and workstations that are connected to a server are called ________.
a.
clients
c.
slaves
b.
masters
d.
servers
 

 31. 

Tiny, specialized microprocessors installed in "smart" appliances and automobiles are called ________. 
a.
microcomputers
c.
servers
b.
microcontrollers
d.
workstations
 

 32. 

Also called laptop computers, ________ are lightweight, portable computers with built-in monitors, keyboards, hard disk drives, batteries, and AC adapters. 
a.
desktop computers
c.
notebook computers
b.
microcomputers
d.
workstations
 

 33. 

A system that connects, usually by special cable, a group of desktop PCs and other devices such as printers in an office or a building is called ________. 
a.
local area network
c.
internet
b.
client
d.
World Wide Web
 

 34. 

________ uses molecule-size nanostructures to create tiny machines for holding data or performing tasks.
a.
nanotechnology
c.
molecular physics
b.
simulator
d.
teleputers
 

 35. 

Handheld computers that provide personal organization tools and email access are known as ________. 
a.
nanocomputers
c.
supercomputers
b.
notebook computers
d.
personal digital assistants
 

 36. 

Embedded computers are known as ________. 
a.
microcomputers
c.
nanocomputers
b.
microcontrollers
d.
supercomputers
 

 37. 

Users access mainframes by means of a ________, which has a display screen and a keyboard. 
a.
client
c.
terminal
b.
server
d.
local area network
 

 38. 

Tower PCs are ________ whose case or main housing sits on a desk, with the keyboard in front and the monitor on top. 
a.
minicomputers
c.
microcomputers
b.
nanocomputers
d.
supercomputers
 

 39. 

A new generation of computers may be coming that relies on ________. to create tiny machines for holding data or performing tasks. 
a.
supercomputers
c.
minicomputers
b.
nanotechnology
d.
mainframes
 

 40. 

A user buying a home computer will most likely purchase a ________. 
a.
supercomputer
c.
microcomputer
b.
mainframe
d.
workstation
 

 41. 

Computers used to design airplane fuselages are ________. 
a.
servers
c.
supercomputers
b.
microcontrollers
d.
workstations
 

 42. 

________ are used by large organizations—such as banks, airlines, insurance companies, and colleges—for processing millions of transactions. 
a.
microcomputers
c.
mainframes
b.
microcontrollers
d.
desktop computers
 

 43. 

Users can work from anywhere if they carry a ________.
a.
tower computer
c.
supercomputer
b.
notebook
d.
workstation
 

 44. 

Special effects in movies are created using ________. 
a.
laptops
c.
workstations
b.
mainframes
d.
supercomputers
 

 45. 

The most powerful type of computer is the ________. 
a.
supercomputer
c.
notebook
b.
mainframe
d.
workstation
 

 46. 

The most expensive and fastest computers available are sometimes called ________. 
a.
mainframes
c.
nanocomputers
b.
supers
d.
workstations
 

 47. 

Computers based on ________ could eventually show up in every device and appliance in your life. 
a.
silicon
c.
fiber optics
b.
radio waves
d.
nanotechnology
 

 48. 

Microwave ovens use ________ to store data. 
a.
microcomputers
c.
nanocomputers
b.
microcontrollers
d.
notebook
 

 49. 

Demographic marketing information can be studied using a _________.
a.
supercomputer
c.
microcomputer
b.
minicomputer
d.
workstation
 

 50. 

A component that expands a computer's input, storage, or output capabilities is referred to as a(n) ________ device. 
a.
upload
c.
virtual
b.
processing
d.
peripheral
 

 51. 

The process of copying software programs from secondary storage media to the system's hard disk is called ________.
a.
downloading
c.
uploading
b.
installation
d.
configuration
 

 52. 

Which of the following represents 1,024 characters of data? 
a.
byte
c.
terabyte
b.
kilobyte
d.
bit
 

 53. 

One character of data is stored as one ________. 
a.
byte
c.
kilobyte
b.
bit
d.
gigabyte
 

 54. 

The raw facts and figures that are processed into information are called ________. 
a.
output
c.
data
b.
information
d.
software
 

 55. 

Data that has been summarized or otherwise manipulated for use in decision-making is called ________. 
a.
code
c.
input
b.
information
d.
software
 

 56. 

The device consisting of electronic circuitry that executes instructions to process data is called ________. 
a.
CPU
c.
secondary storage
b.
primary storage
d.
RAM
 

 57. 

The area in the computer where data or information is held permanently is called ________. 
a.
CPU
c.
secondary storage
b.
primary storage
d.
memory
 

 58. 

An input device that converts letters, numbers, and other characters into electrical signals readable by a processor is called a ________. 
a.
keyboard
c.
printer
b.
mouse
d.
speaker
 

 59. 

An input device that is used to manipulate objects viewed on the computer display screen is a ________. 
a.
keyboard
c.
printer
b.
mouse
d.
speaker
 

 60. 

The area of a computer where data is held before processing and information is held after processing is called a ________. 
a.
memory chip
c.
motherboard
b.
processor chip
d.
systemboard
 

 61. 

A device that sends and receives data over telephone lines to and from computers is called a ________. 
a.
printer
c.
modem
b.
smartphone
d.
memory chip
 

 62. 

Software that helps a computer perform essential operating tasks and enables other software to run is called ________. 
a.
application software
c.
device driver
b.
system software
d.
operating system
 

 63. 

Software that enables users to perform specific tasks– solve problems, perform work, or entertain themselves is called ________. 
a.
application software
c.
device driver
b.
system software
d.
operating system
 

 64. 

The computer circuitry that temporarily holds data waiting to be processed is known as ________. 
a.
primary storage
c.
CPU
b.
secondary storage
d.
motherboard
 

 65. 

The results of a computer's processing are called ________. 
a.
data
c.
memory
b.
input
d.
output
 

 66. 

The instructions that tell a computer how to perform a task are called ________. 
a.
software
c.
tasks
b.
hardware
d.
input
 

 67. 

Which of the following is NOT an output device? 
a.
speaker
c.
scanner
b.
printer
d.
monitor
 

 68. 

A storage device that uses laser technology to read data from optical disks is called a ________. 
a.
hard disk
c.
compact disk
b.
floppy disk
d.
zip disk
 

 69. 

When a user enters monthly bills into a family finance computer program, these amounts are considered to be ________. 
a.
information
c.
input
b.
memory
d.
output
 

 70. 

When a user prints out a report for class, the report would be ________. 
a.
input
c.
output
b.
data
d.
software
 

 71. 

To send a picture by email, the user will use a ________. 
a.
printer
c.
scanner
b.
speaker
d.
modem
 

 72. 

When playing games on the computer, the user is using ________ software. 
a.
application
c.
financial
b.
system
d.
business
 

 73. 

What kind of storage is used to save a term paper for later editing? 
a.
primary
c.
caching-only
b.
secondary
d.
read-only
 

 74. 

A user should place a new sound card in the system unit in the ________. 
a.
hard drive
c.
expansion slot
b.
CD drive
d.
memory chip
 

 75. 

A user wants to work on a term paper on the computer in the library as well as on the home PC. Which of the following should the user store it on to make it portable? 
a.
CD
c.
modem
b.
hard disk
d.
printer
 

 76. 

Which of the following is a list of peripheral devices? 
a.
system unit, CD drive, DVD drive
c.
floppy disk, Zip drive, motherboard
b.
printer, CD drive, DVD drive
d.
modem, DVD, operating system
 

 77. 

Which of the following is NOT a basic computer operation?
a.
input
c.
output
b.
getting on the internet
d.
storage
 

 78. 

Which of the following is NOT a place to store data? 
a.
zip disk
c.
DVD
b.
secondary storage
d.
motherboard
 

 79. 

The ability to link computers to one another by communication lines providing online information access is called ________. 
a.
interactivity
c.
convergence
b.
connectivity
d.
personalization
 

 80. 

The two-way communication through which a user can respond to information received and modify the process is called ________. 
a.
interactivity
c.
convergence
b.
connectivity
d.
personalization
 

 81. 

The combination of several industries (computers, communication, consumer electronics, entertainment, and mass media) through various devices that exchange data in the format used by computers is ________. 
a.
portability
c.
convergence
b.
connectivity
d.
personalization
 

 82. 

Which of the following is NOT a direction of communications development? 
a.
connectivity
c.
interactivity
b.
affordability
d.
multimedia
 

 83. 

Which of the following is NOT an application of connectivity? 
a.
Doing research on the internet.
c.
Shopping online.
b.
Editing a term paper.
d.
Sending and receiving email.
 



 
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